Whether it’s hot, cold, humid or dry, garments made from Merino wool are the most breathable compared with garments made from most common apparel fibre types. Wool can absorb and release twice as much moisture vapour as cotton and 30 times as much as polyester. When worn next to the skin, wool works to buffer the dynamic micro-climate between the fabric and the skin, helping to stabilise the humidity and temperature. It appears that wool acts like a second skin.
Eczema sufferers have especially sensitive skin and an Australian study at the Murdoch Children’s Research Institute has shown that wool garments made from soft superfine Merino wool garments were well tolerated by participants in the study and reduced their eczema symptoms.
Wool fibres are naturally breathable. They can absorb large quantities of moisture vapour and allow it to evaporate, making wool garments feel less clingy and more comfortable than garments made from other fibres. In contrast to synthetics, wool is an active fibre that reacts to changes in the body’s temperature, keeping the wearer comfortable.
Wool has a number of unique moisture management properties that allow it to minimise the effects of body odour:
Natural fibres are renewable, meaning that they are able to regrow and replace themselves. In contrast, synthetic fibres such as polyethylene are made using industrial processing of oil, which is a non-renewable fossil resource.
Unlike synthetics which are industrially produced from non-renewable fossil energy, natural fibres are a natural process using a simple blend of natural ingredients. For wool this is water, air, sunshine and grass.
At the disposal stage, natural fibres such as wool reduce the impact of the textile industry on pollution and landfill build-up. In warm, moist conditions such as in soil, wool biodegrades rapidly through the action of fungi and bacteria to essential elements (i.e. Nitrogen and Sulphur) for growth of organisms as part of natural carbon and nutrient cycles
As much as 35 per cent of microplastics in the marine environment are fibres from synthetic clothing, an amount that continues to increase. But by contrast, science has shown that wool readily biodegrades in both land and marine environments, offering a less impactful solution and not contributing to microplastic pollution.
Stay connected with our newsletter